American media Apple Chinese generation factory workers difficult days, Apple should be responsible -meyou

U.S. media: Apple China generation factory workers struggle should bear the main responsibility for the Irish EU apple to Apple recovered tax price reference news network August 31st U.S. media reported that apple in the China foundry workers producing the world’s most advanced electronic products, their employer is one of the world’s most profitable companies, but their wages only to the local level of 10 years ago. According to voice of America radio website reported on April 8 29, a long-term concern of non governmental organizations Chinese labor rights released the latest survey report once again wins the US technology giant apple. Pay to pay cuts in disguise reported that a worker surnamed Liu Apple Corp located in Shanghai, a generation of factory packaging department got the May payroll and found that their after tax income is 2950.64 yuan, less than before. He felt a little puzzled. Last month, the company didn’t just raise 300 yuan salary for everyone, but how could the money go up and down? This factory under the Taiwan Heshuo group, recently the United States Apple Corp assembled iPhone6s intelligent mobile phone. The slogan of the company is "happy work, happy life"!" In April this year, the city government of Shanghai City monthly minimum wage from 2020 yuan to 2190 yuan, an increase of 170 yuan, hourly salary increased from 18 yuan to 19 yuan per hour. Accordingly, Chang Shuo will grass-roots staff salary increased from 2020 yuan to 2320 yuan, but like the worker surnamed Liu, the actual income of many workers after a lot less. "This is a more subtle way to squeeze workers," said the New York labor rights organization, the China labor watch. In 2015 and 2016, "China labor observation" sent over investigators entered the home of the Shanghai plant to front-line workers identity, and in more than a dozen workers under the help of the secret, collected 2015 different workshops, different departments, different types of payroll, span from May 2015 to May 2016. In a comparative study of the single wage, "pointed out that, despite the China labor watch factory to improve the basic wage of workers from April this year, but the company has through welfare cuts, and workers share insurance and control of labor costs. For example, the factory did not purchase housing provident fund for employees in accordance with the provisions of Chinese law. In addition, the monthly social insurance deducted by the workers exceeds the proportion they should bear. Bonuses and subsidies, before the increase, the factory workers can get about 700 yuan per month, after the salary reduced to 300 yuan. One employee who has resigned said that the previous 280 yuan allowance for food and beverage was cancelled after the salary increase, and each worker had to pay 160 yuan for the accommodation. "Do not work overtime to starve to death." reported that the summer of 2016, York University, a Chinese students to front-line workers identity in the factories do undercover a month "". The student, who wishes to be anonymous, says that workers spend 10.5 hours a day on average, plus meals and rest, and spend 12 hours a day in the factory. Exhausted, he proposed "morning shift" (8 hours a day, no overtime), and the result was divided into group leaders and large groups.

美媒:苹果中国代工厂工人度日艰难 苹果应负主责 欧盟要求爱尔兰向苹果追缴天价税款 参考消息网8月31日报道美媒称,苹果在中国的代工厂工人生产着世界上最先进的电子产品,他们的雇主是全世界最赚钱的企业之一,但是他们的工资却只相当于当地10年前的水平。据美国之音电台网站8月29日报道,美国一家长期关注中国劳工权益的非政府组织发布的最新调查报告再次剑指美国科技巨头苹果公司。加薪成变相减薪报道称,苹果公司位于上海一家代工厂中包装部的一位刘姓工人拿到5月份的工资单后发现,自己的税后收入是2950.64元,比以前少了。他觉得有些困惑,上个月公司不是刚给大家涨了300元工资吗,可这钱怎么越涨越少了?这家工厂隶属台湾和硕集团,近期为美国苹果公司组装iPhone6s智能手机。公司的口号是“快乐工作,幸福生活!”今年4月,上海市政府将市月最低工资标准由2020元调至2190元,增加了170元,时薪由每小时18元提高到19元。相应地,昌硕也将基层员工的岗位工资由原来的2020元提高到2320元,但是和那名刘姓工人一样,很多工人加薪后的实际收入反而少了很多。“这家采取了更为隐蔽的办法压榨工人,”总部设在纽约的劳工权益组织“中国劳工观察”说。2015年和2016年,“中国劳工观察”派出多名调查员以第一线工人的身份进入这家上海代工厂,并在十几名工人的协助下,秘密收集了2015份不同车间、不同部门、不同工种的工资单,跨度从2015年5月到2016年5月。在对这些工资单进行大量比对研究后,“中国劳工观察”指出,尽管工厂从今年4月起提高了工人的基本工资,但是公司却通过削减福利,与工人分担保险等方式控制劳工成本。比如,这家工厂没有按照中国法律的规定为员工购买住房公积金。此外,工人每月被扣除的社会保险超出了他们所应承担的比例。奖金和补贴方面,加薪前这家代工厂的工人平均每个月能拿到约700元,加薪后减少为300元。一位已经辞职的员工说,以往的280元的餐饮补贴在加薪后取消了,每个工人还要缴纳160元的住宿费。 “不加班就等着饿死吧”报道称,2016年暑假,美国纽约大学一名中国留学生以一线工人的身份在这家代工厂做了一个月的“卧底调查”。这位希望匿名的学生说,工人平均每天上班10个半小时,加上吃饭、休息,一天要在厂里耗上12个小时。疲惫不堪的他提出希望“下早班”(每天工作8小时,不加班),结果受到分组长和大组长的百般刁难。“他们的策略就是拖你,把程序弄得很复杂,就是让你没办法下早班,”他说。一个星期后,他的申请依然没有得到批准,忍无可忍的他去厂里的员工服务中心投诉,结果工作人员压根没当回事。报道称,因为工资太低,绝大多数的工人对加班十分渴求。如果一个月或几个月没有加班,很多工人就会辞职。这家工厂的工人2015年9月和10月的工资单样本显示,加班收入占工人工资总额的42.4%, 83.8%的工人每月加班超过80小时。报道称,并非每位工人都能如愿以偿地加上班。2016年3月,这家代工厂的维修部门63.3%的工人加班超过90小时,但是非维修部门员工的平均加班时间仅为14.3小时。南昌工程学院一位曾在这里实习的大学生在网上“吐槽”说:“当初面试官问我们对于加班这件事情怎么看?我们还傻不拉几地说只要公司有需求可以加班“神马”的。后来想想自己咋就这么幼稚呢?在上海这种地方给不到2000的工资,不加班就等着饿死吧。”然而即便是每个月加班90小时,工人到手的工资仅为4200元左右。如果赶上生产淡季,收入只有2000到3000元。这家代工厂的电话无人接听,记者继而联络其母公司台湾和硕集团,请他们回答有关社会保险和加班政策问题。公司投资人关系办公室邱小姐说,公司会议日程繁多,可能没有办法及时回复。权益组织:苹果公司应负主责报道称,在遍布中国大地的苹果代工厂,每天都有新人进厂,每天都有工人离开。“我们认为这个根源是在苹果,不是在代工厂,”“中国劳工观察”执行主任李强说。“中国劳工观察”的报告指出,苹果公司控制着整个供应链的采购和人工成本,在iPhone的生产过程中,苹果直接采购的比例超过80%,并且提供生产设备。自从蒂姆·库克成为苹果CEO后,苹果要求供应商提高产能,同时每年减价5%到10%。中国劳工成为供应商之间相互竞争减价的牺牲品。报道称,今年早些时候,苹果公司发布了《供应商责任2016进度报告》。报告列出了苹果公司过去一年在企业社会责任方面取得的进步,比如97%的供应商做到了全职员工平均每周工作55小时。这个数字低于苹果为供应商设定的每周60小时工时,却依然高出中国《劳动法》规定的每周48小时的工时上限。“中国劳工观察”的李强说,苹果可以,也应该做得更多,因为2016年二季度苹果公司持有的现金为2315亿美元。苹果有足够的能力来改善劳工权益。何况如果它不承担相应的责任,谁又有能力作出改善呢?更多精彩内容欢迎搜索关注微信公众号:腾讯财经(financeapp)。相关的主题文章:

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